Ethical Punishment Goals

*** Dr. Morteza Amiri ***

متوسطخوبخیلی خوبعالیبسیارعالی (امتیاز دهید)

This article looks at the ethical objectives of prison punishment.

A: Realization of the justice of Tehran’s best lawyer

It is assumed that the laws passed by the law enforcement agencies are just, and that it is imperative that all members of the community respect even the opposition as a matter of public acceptance. On the other hand, in violation of the law and in violation of what is accepted by the general public, it is in fact necessary for the rights of the oppressed members of society. Therefore, the legislator has devoted himself to innovating in order to achieve justice and restore lost order and eliminate oppression. So that the perpetrator will be punished by his actions. In the Shari’s of Islam, as Allah Almighty states in the Holy Qur’an, one of the purposes of the Prophets is to perform justice and justice, and justice is so important that one of the principles of the religion of Islam is considered. Attorney at the base of a judiciary

B: satisfying public opinion

Committing a crime, because, as it was said before, the legal defect is acceptable to the general public, in addition to being usually defined by a certain audience and the so-called victim or guilty against it, it causes anger and hatred of public opinion. To make It may be said that in some legal systems these representatives are the people of the society who should comment on whether or not to be guilty of punishment for the application of the qualifications of the offender or the lack of eligibility for the perpetrators. Therefore, the punishments will make people’s anger and hatred less offended, and make distressed and distressed thoughts more relaxed and make sure the wrongdoers will never win the blame if they are violated. Today, the punishment and the handling of some crimes does not require a private complainant’s complaint, but on the contrary, the judges have been instructed to prosecute a criminal offenders without a complaint from the victim of direct crime, in order to maintain the order and satisfy public opinion. And punish. Even in these cases, the plaintiff’s notice and refusal to file a private complaint and the announcement of the untimely passing condition were the sole fault of the victim’s personal rights and only the judge found a certain amount of probable application of the qualifications of the defendant. Examples of these crimes, such as intentional murder, are detrimental to public order, fraud, and betrayal … because, although the perpetrators or perpetrators may, by some means, capture the satisfaction of the private plaintiff, they will never be able to satisfy public opinion, and in this case In order to satisfy public opinion, the judge needs to apply a legal penalty.

C: Gaining satisfaction against you

Before the community becomes aware of a crime and then becomes anxious, it is against the fact that it is directly and indirectly affected by the perpetrators of the criminal offense and may thereby be financially and morally damaged. It is for this reason that he has to be recalled to such a person and try to compensate for the damage he suffered because if he imagines that he has violated the rules of law and damaged him without any harm from the community, His normal life continues in the community. It would certainly not be unlikely that he would take revenge for compensation. That is why the legislator has tried to reclaim the lost rights to the extent possible so that his consent can be obtained.

It should be noted that, basically, the handling of some crimes and the punishment of the perpetrators is in fact only for the satisfaction of the offender, and if he does not file a complaint, then not only the judge will not seek such an offender to prosecute him, but in this The forbidden face will take any action. Offenses such as issuing checks, telephone harassment, capture, etc. are among these crimes. Also, the legislator has sometimes granted him the right to seek legal advice on financial crimes in order to avoid losing any long legal proceedings, and in order to protect him and obtain damages, he was ordered to imprison the convicted person until the time He has paid off his damages. For example, Article 696 of the Law on Taurages, approved by the Islamic Consultative Assembly of Iran in this regard, states: “In all cases where the convicted person, in addition to a criminal conviction, denies the same or similar property, or indemnifies the price or payment of damages and losses He has been convicted of a crime and refuses to enforce the sentence. Upon the request of the convicted court, the court will execute the sentence by selling the property with the exception of exceptions to religion, or to arrest the convicted person until the rights of the convicted person …”

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